What Will You Learn?

  • What is Color Theory?
  • What are the use cases for Color Theory?
  • How do I use Color Theory?
  • What are the fundamentals of Color Theory?
  • Where can I learn more about Color Theory?

The Basics

Learn Color Theory for fun and profit! Do you like math, art, and the pursuit of balance? If so, follow along as the highlights of Color Theory are revealed.

Primary Use Cases

  • Communicate effectively with your audience
  • Super-charge the aesthetics of your design project
  • Add harmony to your creations.
  • Data visualization in diagrams, charts, and graphs

Use The Right Tool

The color theory provides a couple of primary ways of managing your color.


The Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black (CMYK) color model is a subtractive color model based on the CMY color model used in color printing and is also used to describe the printing process itself.

Use the CMKY color model when printing data visualizations.


The Red, Blue, and Green (RGB) color model is additive, where red, green, and blue light reproduce a broad array of colors.

Use the RBG color model when presenting on digital displays.

Definitions in Color

Let’s start with some definitions.


The property possessed by an object of producing different sensations on the eye as a result of the way the thing reflects or emits light.


The most noticeable color that stands out to the eye, or the dominant color


Lightness or darkness is of a color relative to others around it. The lightness or darkness of a hue. The closer to black, the lower the value


A hue plus a value.


A hue plus black.


A hue plus gray.


Saturation is the state or process that occurs when no more of something can be absorbed, combined with, or added. As black, white, or gray add to a pure hue, the hue’s brilliance becomes neutralized.

Primary Colors

Primary colors are any group of colors from which all other colors can be obtained by mixing. Primary colors cannot be created by combining any different colors. If you combine the full range of RBG, you will end up with white. You can think of them as prime numbers. A prime number cannot be created by multiplying two numbers together.

Secondary Colors

A secondary color is a result of combining equal parts of two primary colors.

Tertiary Colors

A tertiary color is produced by an equal mixture of a primary color with a secondary color adjacent to it on the color wheel.

Color Temperature

Color temperature is a powerful method of communication with color.

Absolute Warm: Yellows, oranges, and reds

Absolute Cold: Blues

Color temperature is relative to the colors around it.

Red is warmer than yellow.

Blue is colder than cyan.

Colors opposite on the color wheel are warm and cold, respectively

Color Schemes

Color Schemes or color palettes are the choices of colors used in various artistic and design contexts. It’s easier to learn color theory with an understanding of color schemes. If you are excited and want to get started with color theory, try out Adobe’s Color Wheel application.

Monochromatic Colors

Monochromatic colors are a single hue’s colors (tints, tones, and shades).

Monochromatic Colors


Complementary colors are for mixing colored light; Newton’s color wheel is often used to describe complementary colors, which cancel each other’s hue to produce an achromatic (white, gray, or black) light mixture.

Complementary Colors

Split-Complementary Colors

Split-Complementary colors are a three-color combination consisting of a base color and two colors that are 150 degrees and 210 degrees apart from the base color.

Complementary colors

Double Split Complementary Colors

A double complementary scheme is when two hues (colors) are next to each other on the color wheel and are paired with two adjacent hues on the opposite side. This overall creates a color palette of four adjacent but opposite hues such as blue-green, blue, orange, and red-orange.

Double Split Complementary Colors

Achromatic Colors

Achromatic colors lack strong chromatic content and are said to be unsaturated, achromatic, or near neutral.

Achromatic Colors

Analogous Colors

Analogous colors (also called Dominance Harmony) color schemes are groups of colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel, with one being the dominant color, which tends to be a primary or secondary color, and two on either side complementing, which tend to be tertiary.

Analogous Colors


Triadic colors are a three-color combination consisting of a base color and two colors that are 120 degrees and 240 degrees apart from the base color.

Triadic Colors

Color Scheme Definitions

With a view of color schemes under our belt, we can learn color theory further with color scheme definitions.

Analogous Palettes

Analogous palettes are colors next to each other on the color wheel.

A common trait connects these colors> and instills a sense of calming harmony with related hues.

Harmonious Palettes

Harmonious colors are natural variations of similar colors that create a calming sense of harmony.

Monochromatic Palettes

Monochromatic palettes use variations of a single hue. This palette is calming, minimalist, and visually unobtrusive.

Ensure there is enough difference in the value between colors for the best results.


Learning Color Theory is required for graphics designers, print designers, and other professionals presenting data in color to convey a message. Learning color theory will help you get your point across more effectively if you’re a technology professional. It gives you an art appreciation. 🎨

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